The second organ of the LTA is the Management Committee. It consists of four members from each of the Contracting States representing fisheries, environment, and water and finance sectors. The Management Committee meets every year to provide guidance and oversight. The LTA Executive Director is a member of the Management Committee and serves as the Secretary. The Management Committee functions, as stated in Article 25 of the Convention on the Sustainable Management of Lake Tanganyika, are to coordinate and monitor the implementation of the Convention, including:
- Implementing the policies and decisions of the Conference of Ministers and undertake tasks assigned to it by the Conference of Ministers
- Providing scientific and technical advice to the Conference of Ministers.
- Preparing and proposing for approval of the Conference of Ministers a strategic action programme for Lake Tanganyika under Article 13, review, and revise the strategic action programme and propose any new or amended plan for approval by the Conference of Ministers.